Diabetes and eye tests


Diabetes can affect many parts of the eye. Regular eye examinations are essential because all forms of diabetic eye disease have the potential to cause severe vision loss and blindness. Because diabetic retinopathy often goes unnoticed until vision loss occurs, people with diabetes should get a comprehensive eye exam with an optometrist ophthalmologist at least once a year. 


  • Eye problems can include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edoema (DME), cataract, and glaucoma.

  • Diabetic retinopathy involves changes to retinal blood vessels that can cause them to bleed or leak fluid, distorting vision.

  • Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss among people with diabetes and a leading cause of blindness among working-age adults.

  • Controlling diabetes—by taking medications as prescribed, staying physically active, and maintaining a healthy diet—can prevent or delay vision loss.

  • Early detection, timely treatment, and appropriate follow-up care of diabetic eye disease can protect against vision loss.

  • Diabetic retinopathy can be treated with several therapies, used alone or in combination.

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